Ames Parks & Recreation Taekwondo

Intro

Questions

All registration issues are handled by the main office in City Hall (239-5360).

Any questions about class itself, promotional testings, tournaments, uniforms, equipment, Taekwondo terminology, or special events/issues will be handled by your instructors. It’s best to come to class early to ask questions (especially Beginners) or to speak with your instructor after class. We would like to be able to speak with all students/parents either before or after class; however, we only have 10 minutes between each class to handle questions. If you know that your question might take some time, please make arrangements to discuss it with us at another time when we can give you the proper attention.

You can call Mrs. Carpenter at 515.344.4372 or email all of your instructors at amesparksandrectkd@gmail.com.

Equipment

 

Equipment

The following items are available for purchase from your instructors. Unfortunately, we are not always able to keep a large stock of items. Please be patient if we have to order items for you. Please make checks payable to Erin Carpenter:

 

Taekwondo basic uniform (with Ames P&R logo)

A = $35

 

Taekwondo textbook (written by GrandMaster Yong Chin Pak)   

$25

TKD Ribbed Uniform with logo

B = $50

 

Forms Video (DVD)

$20

TKD Ribbed Uniform with embroidered logo

C = $70

 

Ames P&R TKD workout bags (choose gold, blue, or red)

$30

TKD lightweight “master” uniform with embroidered logo

D = $80

 

*Shin/instep and forearm pads   

$15+/pair

*chest protector/headgear

$45+

 *sparring equipment prices vary depending on quality/brand; your instructors can show you a catalog or direct you to internet sites

As you go up in rank, you may want to practice board-breaking after class. You may get boards anywhere you can purchase lumber. Generally, breaking boards are 1-inch white #2 pine; dimensions are 12x10 for adults and 6x10 for children (the grain is perpendicular to the 10-inch sides).

Competition

 

Tournaments, local and national, are held throughout the year and will be announced well in advance. If you are interested in competing you should talk to your instructor.  Divisions are organized by age, rank and gender — so even low ranks can compete!  Events include free-sparring and forms.  Some tournaments also offer board breaking and family/group forms.  For sparring you will need a mouth-guard and a groin protector (boys only). Both of these can be purchased at local sporting goods or discount stores.  You will also need to buy your own shin/instep and forearm pads either online or through your instructors.  We provide headgear and chest protectors free for our students to checkout.

Code of Conduct

 

Be on time for class. If you are late, stand to the side and wait for the instructor or whoever is leading warm-ups to motion you to join with the rest of the class.

Practice good hygiene. Your dobok should be clean; finger and toenails neatly trimmed.

Please be considerate and do not come when you are sick.  You can make up the class later. 

When you come to practice Taekwondo you are there to learn and enjoy your workout.  Your attention should be on your instructor, not your classmates. Talking with fellow students during class is not acceptable.  Talking is permitted if you have a question, and you should ask the instructor or one of the assistants, not your classmates. Raise your hand and wait to be called on.  Do not interrupt class by blurting out your question.

Everyone deserves respect. 

We show respect for Taekwondo, our dojang and the flags by bowing each time we enter or leave the room.  

We show respect to the instructor by watching and listening to them, bowing to them before and after class.

Always address each other as well as upper ranks and the instructors as “Sir” or “Ma’am.” When you answer a question make sure to include “Ma’am” or “Sir” at the end.  Don’t say just “yes” or “no” — It should be “yes, ma’am” or “no, ma’am” (or sir).  Never answer a question with “yeah” or “uh huh” — it is not formal.

We show respect for other Taekwondo practitioners by bowing and shaking their hand when we meet them.

We show respect for all people (in Taekwondo, at home and at school) by being polite and playing fair.

We show respect for ourselves by taking care of our minds and bodies.

Bowing is the common (or standard) way of greeting another person in many cultures. To bow, stand straight with feet together and hands at your side, bend 45˚ at the waist, and return to standing straight. 

Either sit cross-legged or kneel.  Your hands should rest on your lap.  Don’t lie down or stick your legs out; someone could trip and hurt himself or herself or fall on you.

Uniform: Your dobok is a symbol of Taekwondo and should be treated with respect.

Because taekwondo is a vigorous sport you will sweat and feel hot, but you should always wear your dobok properly, not disarranged or with the sleeves rolled up to cool off.

No jewelry is allowed. If you cannot remove your jewelry you must tape over it.  Athletic tape is available in the first-aid kit.  This includes hard barrettes and hair accessories — please use soft pony-tail holders and elastic headbands instead.

Your belt should be tied properly.  If you don’t know how or aren’t sure if it’s correct, ask your instructor or a higher rank to help you before class. Learning how to tie your belt is part of learning taekwondo.

Turn away from the flags, instructors, and black belts when adjusting your uniform and belt.

Leaving practice: Once class begins you need to ask permission to leave.  This includes going to the restroom or to get a drink of water.

Raise your hand, politely ask permission, then bow and thank the instructor, bow again when you leave and re-enter the room.  Wait for the instructor to give permission before you return to your place in class. 

Remember, if you leave, class does not stop and wait, so you may miss out on learning something.  Please use the restroom before class.

If you are waiting for your class to start, do not talk loudly or cause a disturbance.

No foul language.

Don’t complain — it doesn’t accomplish anything except creating stress.

You should bring a water bottle for breaks.  You can leave it in the back of the room.

Never use what you learn in taekwondo to show off. 

Always have a Positive Mental Attitude (PMA)

 

You can expect to get out of Taekwondo class what you put into it.  If you practice sloppily, the results will be the same.  But it will show if you always try to have snap and precise movements.  Practice makes permanent!

 

Good students put in extra time by coming 15 minutes early to warm-up and practice.  When you come early you can work on your own, but it’s better to ask a higher rank to help you. You should also practice at home.  You may practice with a friend or family member, but you may not practice on another person. 

Testing requirements

 

Two main things are taken into account when the instructors consider if a student is ready to test for their next rank.

One, they must know the required curriculum for their current rank. It is very, very important that students only advance once they are competent in that material.  Otherwise, they will be at a disadvantage in learning new skills.  Also, giving ranks that aren’t earned gives a false sense of accomplishment.  Martial arts are also about building character; students must persevere to meet their goals. 

 

For white, yellow, orange and green belts the required material is tested frequently at class and students who demonstrate their knowledge and skill acceptably are awarded “skill stripes” to denote this.  This is marked by putting a stripe of colored tape on the student’s belt.  By the time a student reaches blue belt, they are ready to assume more responsibility for learning and no longer need to earn skill stripes.  

 

The second criterion for eligibility to test is time and practice in rank.  The following schedule is based on working out at least twice a week.  Students who come only once a week or miss many classes will take longer. It also may be revised according to age, previous experience, and/or performance. The lower numbers generally correspond to adult practitioners and the higher numbers to youth.  Your instructors will inform you of testing dates and fees in advance.

White     to    Yellow     2-4 months

Yellow    to    Orange     2-4 months

Orange    to    Green      3-6 months

Green     to    Blue       4-8 months

Blue      to    Brown      6-10 months

Brown     to    Red        6-10 months

Red       to    Black (Recommend)  6-10 months

Black (Rec)  to    1st Black (Decide)  8-12 months

1st Black (Decide)  to  2nd  Black  24 months minimum

 

After a student has collected all their skill stripes and been their rank for a sufficient time the instructors will invite them to test for their next rank. 

No student is required to test, and may decline the instructors’ invitation for any reason.

 

* Younger students (ages 7 and under) typically take a little more time to advance through the ranks than their classmates.  After they are promoted to yellow belt, they will be re-tested on white belt techniques and awarded those stripes again before they may earn their yellow belt stripes.  The same goes for yellow to orange.  This is to ensure a firm foundation.

Testing results

 

A week after testing the results are announced and belt presentations take place at the beginning of class. Parents are encouraged to attend to watch as their student is recognized.

There are different levels to each belt, reflecting how well a student tested.  They are equivalent to passing with an A, B or C grade. 

For example: a Yellow Belt 10th Geup is like a “C” — no rank stripes are added.

A Yellow Belt 9th Geup Recommend is like a “B” — one rank stripe is added to the belt. 

A Yellow Belt 9th Geup Decided is like an “A” — and two rank stripes are added. 

The rank stripes are always the color of the next higher belt.   Yellow belts have orange stripes, orange belts have green stripes, etc.

 


Yellow Belt 10th Geup

Yellow Belt 9th Geup Recommend

Yellow Belt 9th Geup Decide

 

Orange Belt 8th Geup

Orange Belt 7th Geup Recommend

Orange Belt 7th Geup Decide

 

Green Belt 6th Geup

Green Belt 5th Geup Recommend

Green Belt 5th Geup Decide

 

Blue Belt 4th Geup

Blue Belt 3rd Geup Recommend

Blue Belt 3rd Geup Decide

 

Brown Belt 2nd Geup Recommend

Brown Belt 2nd Geup Decide

 

Red Belt 1st Geup Recommend           

Red Belt 1st Geup Decide

 

Black Belt Recommend (Red/Black belt)
1st Dan Black Belt Decide (Solid black belt)
2nd Dan

3rd Dan (Junior Master)

4th Dan

5th Dan (Master)

6th Dan

7th Dan

8th Dan (GrandMaster)

9th Dan

 

The following pages outline the curriculum for each rank including what is needed to earn each skill stripe and other requirements. 

White belt

 

▢ Yellow Stripe                        Basics, Stances and Hand Techniques

·      Bowing/Shaking Hands

·      Counting 1-20

·      Attention — Charyut

·      Ready stance — Jhoonbi

·      Horse stance/Middle punch

·      Front stance

·      Down block

·      Rising block

·      Middle block

·      Reverse knifehand strike

·      Middle punch

·      Back stance

·      Knifehand guarding block

·      Side block

▢ Orange Stripe                        Kicking

·      Rising kick

·      Crossing kick

·      Reverse crossing kick

·      Front snap kick

·      Roundhouse kick

·      Side kick

 

▢ Green Stripe                        Form (Poomsae): Kicho Ilbo

▢  Blue Stripe                        One-Steps:

1.     Triple punch — At the same time, left foot step forward and left hand pressing block the punch towards the right.  Follow with right and left punches to the body, right punch to the head and kiap.

2.     Rising block, high punch — At the same time, left foot step forward and left hand rising block the punch upward. Follow with right high punch and kiap.

3.     Middle block, elbow strike — At the same time, right foot step forward and right hand middle block the punch to the left.  Follow that momentum to spin 360˚ and left arm elbow strike to the left side of partner’s body and kiap.

4.     Side kick, knifehand guarding block — Right leg side kick to the side of partner’s body. Put foot down and knifehand guarding block and kiap.

5.     Crossing kick, roundhouse — Crossing kick with left leg to block, bringing the calf down on top of partner’s arm.  Follow with a right-leg roundhouse to the head and kiap.

▢ Red Stripe                        Good Attitude and Behavior

▢ Basic Terminology

▢ Bow to your parents and say “I love you” every day




yellow belt

 

Show improvement in all previous material

 

▢ Yellow Stripe                         Hand Techniques

·    Forearms block

·    Fighting stance

·    Knifehand strike

·    Double knifehand down block

·    Double fist down block

·    Same stance combos

o   Down block, middle punch in front stance

o   Rising block, high punch

o   Down block, middle block

o   Double knifehand down block, knifehand guarding block in back stance

o   Double fist down block, fighting stance (or double fist down, forearm)

·    Switch stance

o   Side block in back stance, switch to front stance/middle punch

o   Knifehand guarding block in back stance, front stance/middle punch

 

 

▢ Orange Stripe                         Kicking Techniques

·    Sliding back leg side kick

·    Sliding back leg roundhouse

·    Sliding front leg side kick

·    Front leg (switch stance) roundhouse

·    Spinning side kick (back kick)

·    Spinning roundhouse

·    Combinations with front snap kick

o   Front snap, down block, middle punch

o   Front snap, rising block, high punch

·    Combination kicks

o   Side kick, spinning side kick

o   Roundhouse, spinning side kick

o   Roundhouse, spinning roundhouse

o   Front snap, roundhouse, side kick

·    Leg exercises — front snap kick, side kick and roundhouse kick

·    Board breaking — front snap kick, side kick and roundhouse kick

 

▢ Green Stripe                         2 Forms (Poomsae): TaeGeuk 1, Palgwe 1 (Ill-Jang)

 

▢ Blue Stripe                         5 intermediate one-steps

1.  Side kick, knifehand strike — Right leg side kick to the side of partner’s body. Put foot down and knifehand strike to the neck and kiap.

2.  Side kick, knifehand strike, spinning roundhouse — Right leg side kick to the side of partner’s body. Put foot down and knifehand strike to the neck. Then spin 180˚ left, upwards block with left hand and move right leg backwards. Right-leg roundhouse kick and kiap.

3.   Crossing kick, return roundhouse — Crossing kick with right leg to block, put foot down and immediately right leg roundhouse to head and kiap.

4.  Middle block, double elbow strike — At the same time, right foot step forward and right hand middle block the punch to the left.  Follow that momentum to spin 360˚ and left arm elbow strike to the left side of partner’s body, turn other way and right arm elbow strike to the right side of partner’s head and kiap.

5.  Middle block, spinning knifehand strike — At the same time, left leg step forward, left arm middle block. (Partner ducks here) Continue momentum to spin 360˚ with a knifehand strike and kiap.

 

▢ Red Stripe                        Good Attitude and Behavior

 

▢ Basic Terminology

 

▢ Bow to your parents and say “I love you” every day

Orange belt

 

Show improvement in all previous material

 

Yellow Stripe                         Hand Techniques

·      Twin forearms block

·      3-4 hand techniques in combination

o   Double fist down block, fighting stance, twin forearms block

o   Double knifehand down block, knifehand guarding block, step-out middle punch

 

Orange Stripe               Kicking

·      Spinning crossing kick

·      3 kicking techniques in combination

o   Sliding roundhouse, backleg roundhouse, spin side kick

o   Frontleg roundhouse, backleg roundhouse, spin side kick

o   etc

·      Sliding side kick combinations

·      Front leg roundhouse kick combinations

·      Leg exercises — spinning side kick, and combinations

·      Board Break — spinning side kick

 

Green Stripe               Form (Poomsae): TaeGeuk 2, Palgwe 2 (Ee-Jang)

 

Blue Stripe                        5 more intermediate one-steps

1.     Rising block, high punch, knee strike — At the same time, left foot step forward and left hand rising block the punch upward. Follow with right high punch, grab partner’s shoulders, pull down and upward knee strike to the gut and kiap.

2.     Middle block, knifehand strike — At the same time, right leg step forward, right arm middle block. Rechamber right arm and knifehand strike to the neck.

3.     Side kick, spin side kick — Left leg side kick to the side of partner’s body, continue momentum into a right spin side kick.

4.     Kick to the groin — At the same time, left arm block the punch to the outside AND right leg front snap kick to the groin. (VERY IMPORTANT TO USE CONTROL!)

5.     Reverse crossing kick, knifehand strike — Right leg reverse crossing kick to block the punch, land the foot forward and right hand knifehand strike to the neck.

 

▢ Red Stripe                        Good Attitude and Behavior

 

▢ Basic Terminology

 

▢ Bow to your parents and say “I love you” every day

Green Belt

 

Show improvement in all previous material

 

Yellow Stripe                         Hand Techniques

·      Outside forearm block

·      Inside forearm block

·      Twin knifehand block

·      Flat spearhand strike

·      Spearhand strike w/ block

·      Spearhand strike

·      Chest block

·      Backfist

·      Knifehand rising block

·      Single knifehand

·      Knifehand down block

·      Side backfist

·      Elbow strike

·      AND advanced combinations

 

Orange Stripe               Kicking

·      Fast kick (jump front-leg roundhouse)

·      360˚ roundhouse

·      Drop ax kick

·      Low/high roundhouse

·      Low/high side kick

·      AND advanced kicking combinations

·      Leg exercises

·      Breaking: 2 board combination — basic kick, then spin side

 

Green Stripe               Form (Poomsae): TaeGeuk 3, Palgwe 3 (Sam-Jang)

 

Blue Stripe                        5 more intermediate one-steps

Green and above may design your own one-steps.  More info is on page 18.

 

▢ Red Stripe                        Good Attitude and Behavior

 

▢ Korean Terminology — test will be conducted entirely in Korean

 

▢ Bow to your parents and say “I love you” every day



Now (or earlier) is a good time to start attending sparring classes.

Blue belt

 

Show improvement in all previous material

 

New Techniques

·      Inside chest block

·      Jebbi form

·      Hammerfist

·      Wrist escape

·      Jump spin side kick

·      Jump back-leg roundhouse

·      Wheel kick

 

Leg exercises

 

 

Form (Poomsae): TaeGeuk 4, Palgwe 4 (Sa-Jang)

 

 

5 more one-steps using new techniques

Design your own one-steps.  More info is on page 18.

 

 

May be asked to free-spar at testing

 

 

Breaking: combination with jump spin side; or jump spin side through 2 boards; drop-ax kick combo

 

 

Submit 2-page application, parent and teacher evaluations 3 weeks prior to testing

 

Brown belt

 

Show improvement in all previous material

 

New Techniques

·      Scissor block

·      X-fist block

·      X-knifehand block

·      Pressing block

·      Palm heel block

·      Low/middle/high roundhouse

·      Low/middle/high side kick

·      Low/high spin side kick

·      Low/high spin roundhouse

·      360˚ reverse crossing kick (tornado kick)

·      360˚ drop ax kick

 

 

Form (Poomsae): TaeGeuk 5, Palgwe 5 (Oh-Jang)

 

 

5 more one-steps using new techniques

Design your own one-steps.  More info is on page 18.

Practice attacking and defending with a left (instead of right) punch

 

 

Breaking: 4 boards. jump front snap, combination jump spin side through 2 boards, wheel kick

 

 

Free sparring

 

 

Submit 2-page application, parent and teacher evaluations 3 weeks prior to testing

Red Belt

 

Show improvement in all previous material

 

New Techniques

·      Ridge hand stike

·      Palm stike

·      Throat strike

·      Double front snap kick

·      Flying side kick

 

 

Form (Poomsae): TaeGeuk 6, 7; Palgwe 6, 7 (Yook-Jang, Chil-Jang)

 

 

5 more one-steps using new techniques

Design your own one-steps.  More info is on page 18.

Practice attacking and defending with a left (instead of right) punch, and without the initial step-back.

 

 

Breaking: 1 or 2 point wheel kick, speed breaks, flying side or 360˚ flying side, punt kick, 360˚ side kick, 360˚ drop ax kick, any combination

 

 

Free sparring

 

 

Teaching/Leadership experience

 

 

Submit 2-page application, parent and teacher evaluations, and written essay 3 weeks prior to testing

Black belt (recommend)

 

Show improvement in all previous material


New Techniques

·      Diamond block

·      Mountain block

·      Double uppercut

 

 

New Skills

·      Judge at testing, judge and referee at tournaments

 

 

Form (Poomsae): TaeGeuk 8, Palgwe 8 (Pal-Jang); Kor-yo

 

 

Breaking: any combination

 

 

Free sparring

 

 

Teaching/Leadership experience

 

 

Submit 2-page application, parent and teacher evaluation, written essay and martial arts resume 3 weeks prior to testing

Notes on One-Step Sparring

 

Green belts and higher may make up their own one-steps.

 

The qualities of a good one-step

1.     It’s effective — A good one-step should at least be able to block an attack and stun the attacker.

2.     It’s simple — If you ever need to defend yourself, you’re not going to go through a long routine of blocks and strikes. Keep it simple and train your reflexes.

3.     It uses your strengths — Example: If you can’t reach your opponent’s face, you shouldn’t try to punch them in the face.  Go for the groin or solar plexus instead. 

 

Tips:

·      Be close enough to your partner to hit them.

·      Don’t wait for the attacker to fully extend the punch; you need to react before you would be hit.

·      Don’t aim strikes directly at your partner, even if you have perfect control and are positive you won’t hit them, they could wobble or move closer than you expected.  Aim punches and strikes a few inches to the side.

·      Don’t forget to ask your partner to duck if the one-step requires them to do so.

·      Warn them if you are going to throw them or do a leg-sweep.

·      Be gentle with joint-locks.  It is very easy to injure your partner if you get carried away.

·      Always aim your punch to your partner’s solar plexus.

 

 

Advanced ranks should also incorporate joint-locks, leg sweeps or throws.  Also practice stepping back with the other leg (and punching with the left arm), and attacking without stepping back.

 

Recommended for Green belts

1.     Crossing kick, low-high return roundhouse — Right leg crossing kick, same leg low-high roundhouse. (Or low-middle-high roundhouse.)

Recommended for Blue belts

1.     Roundhouse, wheel kick — Left leg step back, and immediately left leg roundhouse.  (Partner ducks.) Continue momentum (turn backwards) into right leg wheel kick.

2.     X-block, grab arm, twist to lock, pull arm down and knee strike to the face.

3.     A simple throw — Left arm outside block (pakka palmok makki), grab that sleeve, right arm grab their shoulder, step forward and hook their right leg with your right leg.  Pull your leg back and push hands forward and lift their weight to their right leg to sweep. (Caution: go slowly if your partner is not comfortable falling.)

 

 

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